It does not cope well with being moved, and as it is a smaller variety, it would be best grown directly in the container, which will also be its final home. Ornamental varieties produce rounded flowers in several colors, including rosy purple. These double varieties of the plant are developed by cross-breeding two different kinds of balloon flowers together to create a complex inflorescence comprising of ten petals instead of five. The root is prepared by rubbing it with sea salt after soaking and washing it; this gets rid of the bitter taste that gave rise to myths about its toxicity. Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Gravel, Rock. Balloon Flower: USDA Zone: 3-9: Plant number: 1.425.450. This variety of balloon flower features double blooms, with two full layers of star-shaped blue petals. Here are some common varieties of the species. Resembling bellflowers (Campanula), they open from large, plump, balloon-like buds which almost beg to be popped. Once established in their soil, balloon flowers are live long and are reliable perennials. The buds of this variety appear as puffed up white balloons, which transform into star-shaped flared flowers. ‘Double Blue’ cultivar of Platycodon grandiflorus is a tall stemmed flower with double the violet-blue petals. Doraji taryeong, a song derived from the locally found flower, is one of the most popular folk songs in both North and South Korea. It is widely used as a condiment in Japanese food and is one of the seven special herbs that are used to prepare sake, a Japanese alcoholic beverage. The seeds may or may not be kept covered; you need only dampen the area of plantation, and within a couple of weeks, a sprout will be visible. Fuji Blue is a medium variety of balloon flowers. best for cut flowers. Bee Plant Seed. If you live in a hot climate, you should position this plant so that it receives morning sun but is sheltered in the afternoon from the intense heat. Some desserts are also prepared with the help of bellflowers; one of the common ones in Korea is the doraji-jeonggwa. Get it as soon as Thu, Oct 1. This selection forms a compact mound of green foliage, bearing inflated buds that open into star-shaped single bright violet-blue blossoms. Foliage Plant Seed. These beautiful, colorful, very useful flowers are also called Chinese bellflowers, and they belong to the bellflower family Campanulaceae native to East Asian countries, including China, Korea, and Japan. It is a perennial plant that can live for years on end. Because of these extraordinary qualities, balloon flowers have long been used in Chinese and Korean traditional medicine. They look for all the world like huge, unopened buds, with neatly-drawn seams around each petal and a puffed-up, light-as-air form. The plant is deer resistant and grows well in most warm climates. Its many analgesic, sedative, and fever-reducing properties also add to its value as a meal If taken regularly, ingesting the compounds from balloon flowers can help in maintaining blood pressure and boosting the immune system to protect against disease threats. The Misato Purple flower is a deeper purple than other varieties and is rather late to bloom in spring. Here are some common varieties of the species. In popular culture, Platycodon is a symbol of friendship, and it can also symbolize eternal love and purity of spirit. It flowers best in full sun, but will also thrive in morning sun and afternoon shade (and may actually do better there in warmer areas). 4.0 out of 5 stars 122. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. However, slugs and snails need to be watched out for as these can sometimes cause a problem for the plant. Fuji Blue is a medium variety of balloon flowers. These are double flowers that can survive quite well in warm weathers but cannot stand a frost. Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Gravel, Rock. Growing balloon flowers with children can be quite fun. The star-like arrangement of the flower petals gives way to local folklore and superstition, while also adding to its symbolic value in arts and culture. Its dominant flower color is a dazzling blue, with white and pink forms to complete the palette. Apoyama– a 10- to 15-inch-tall dwarf with upright habit and violet flowers. Eventually the flowers open into a star-shaped blossoms. In China, the bellflower is used as a cough suppressant, a treatment for sore throat and tonsillitis, and is often used to prevent allergies such as asthma. The bushy plants flower very quickly and throughout the summer, and the long-stemmed flowers are great for pruning and cutting. Plant in light, loamy, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or part shade. The flower and its roots have much nutritious value since they contain calcium, fiber, iron, proteins, and several minerals and vitamins. A ring support or stakes may be necessary to maintain their upright position. This plant is hardy in zones 3 to 8, and it will thrive in temperatures ranging from 60 to 80 ºF. $5.49 shipping. Balloon flowers come in numerous cultivars, giving you the opportunity to fill your garden with the varieties that you like best. However, the version currently sung is considered to be from the Gyeonggi Province since the rhythm and melody have tweaked to acquire different characteristics. Even though the medicinal and nutritional uses of the plant and its flowers are not as well known in this part of the world, their ornamental beauty and ease of care have motivated several homeowners to plant them. Sit back, and enjoy your plant slowly flower and blossom before summer is over. Avoid heavy or waterlogged areas when planting the balloon flower as it will struggle to survive in these conditions. The leaves are lance-shaped, and the flowers bloom throughout the summer with minimal upkeep. Although they are usually purple, they are often mixed with other species to produce several cultivars that can range from pink to white and blue. Fuji – pink, white, blue blossoms on 2- to 3-foot plants. The dwarf plant grows to be about 6-10 inches tall. Dependably perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 8, balloon flower tolerates both extreme cold and scorching summer heat. This plant should be grown in well-draining loamy soil because it enjoys a good amount of moisture but does not like to be sitting in soggy soil. Balloon flower grows 12 to 20 inches high and looks great in rock gardens, mixed borders, or cutting gardens. These flowers are not hard to care for though they have some toxicity problems that you need to know. Source: Chicago Botanical Garden Its small stature means that unlike many balloon flowers, it won’t need to be staked, yet still produces large, vibrant blue star-shaped flowers of up to three inches in diameter. There are several varieties of balloon flowers, including: Platycodon grandiflorus Astra series: These have double flowers with 10 petals in blue, pink, or white. Balloon flower Platycodon grandiflorus Jim Lawerence Flower and Bud Close Up (Cleveland County,NC)-Summer Dotty Leatherwood CC BY 4.0 emerging plant, spring, Durham County, NC Carol Tierney CC BY … Komachi – clear blue flowers and the bud swells to about 2 inches in diameter but never opens. Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon flower) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.. If planted early, they can even bloom in the first year. Balloon Flowers are summer-blooming cousins to the more familiar Bellflowers. A dwarf form perfect for containers or rock gardens. They work well in containers and also as cut flowers in bouquets. It will also help to prevent the flowering stems from becoming so tall that they need staking. Double Knockout Rose - Varieties, Care & Planting Information, 10 Best Perennial Flowers For Your Garden, 8 Exciting Japanese Flowers - Photos, Uses, and Care Guides, 9 Mexican Flowers with Photos & Growing Guides, Balloon Flower, Chinese Bellflower, Japanese Bellflower. The flavorful root can also be used to infuse distilled alcohol called soju. The roots are used as a vegetable and if you are ambitious it gives you ingredients for Sake! Hope you will want to buy some seeds this coming spring. Once seedlings have developed, you can thin them out, moving the strongest among them to slightly larger pots to allow their roots to spread and gain strength. You can deadhead the spent flowers if you wish, as this will encourage more flowers to bloom and result in a longer flowering season. ‘Mother of Pearl,’ also known as ‘Perlmutterschale, is a rare variation of Platycodon grandiflorus. For their simple five-pointed inflorescence, these flowers are a favorite as garden ornaments and are often found blooming in parks and flower beds. E.g. across (6 cm), adorned with 5 broad, pointed lobes that form a star shape. Usually, unflavored hard alcohol is added that has a minimum 30% ABV as a base. These flowers are similar to the Hakone blue, but because of being cross-bred with other species, their color is pure, shiny white, although their buds are distinctly blue. Suggested uses. This is a low-maintenance plant that doesn’t necessarily require pruning. Do not expect all of your seedlings to survive the move, so grow more than you need initially. To allow this to happen, you need to refrain from deadheading the flowers as this is where the seeds are. The Komachi variety is a specially designed cultivar. Platycodon grandiflorus (from Ancient Greek πλατύς "wide" and κώδων "bell") is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae, and the only member of the genus Platycodon. Have a look at all the different cultivars that can be derived from the single bellflower species. Pinching back stems will result in more growth at the base and a bushier looking plant. It’s a good idea to mark them out so that you can leave a clear space for them to arrive each year, as even minor disturbance of this plant can cause it to die. Cover Crop Seed. This is especially useful for people with weakened immune systems such as old people and children. New plants need regular water while getting established, but then are pretty drought-tolerant. Some stems may need to be staked to prevent them from falling over when flowering, as stems tend not to be very strong and become more likely to bend over the taller they get. It can be planted in gardens, but also does well as an indoor plant. Soil quality and substrate Regarding the beetle and the substrate in the bucket or balcony box, a platycodon should be quickly satisfied. When properly cared for, most varieties of balloon flowers will grow to be about two feet tall and about one foot wide, though dwarf varieties tend to be about half that size. They're a good choice to start from seed. ‘Platycodon’ is derived from Greek, with ‘platys’ meaning ‘broad,’ and ‘kodon’ meaning ‘bell.’ ‘Grandiflorus’ literally translates to large flowers. The flowers of this variety are slightly smaller than other balloon flowers, typically measuring two inches across, and appearing in a vibrant shade of blue with some darker blue veining. Let us know if you have any questions by leaving us a comment, and don’t forget to share this page with other interested growers! If you want to get a head start on growing these plants, you can sow the seeds indoors in early spring. The plant will begin blooming during late July or early Au… The cultivars are available in other colors, double flowers, and shorter stemmed varieties. In the Far East, the plant’s fleshy roots have been consumed for their health benefits for more than 2,000 years. This easy-care perennial gets its common name from its balloon-like buds that swell up just before they open. 3. Platycodon grandiflorus 'Zwerg' Sku #2098 Unique flowers are rounded, balloon-like, before opening to deep blue star-like blooms. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. If you are opposed to staking plants, an alternative method would be to clump plants together so that they can support each other. Although open flowers were not present in huge quantities at any time, floral produc-tion over the course of the bloom period was quite good. The plant grows to around 24 inches in height and is a variety that may need to be staked when mature. ‘Fairy Snow’ is a dwarf variety of the species that has white flowers, 1.5 inches in diameter. Balloon flowers (Platycodon grandiflorus) are named because their bloom starts out looking like a purple, white or blue balloon, then it pops open to a wide bloom. Balloon flowers belong to genus ‘Platycodon,’ and they are one of a kind: Unlike so many other genera of flower families, this one only has one species under its belt, the Platycodon grandiflorus. Taller varieties of balloon flower may start to flop over without adequate support. The plant is a hardy perennial that has stalks that reach 30 to 90 cm (1 to 3 feet) in height. Each flower has five points and measures between two and three inches across. Are you ready to get festive by growing your own balloon flowers? Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus) - Easy Caring Tips, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Alternately, prune as indicated above to encourage shorter growth at the time of flowering. Your platycodon may be slow to emerge in the springtime. Cultivars / Varieties: 'Astra Blue' 'Astra Blue' Tags: #white #showy flowers #full sun tolerant #blue #perennial #summer flowers #deer resistant #spring interest #partial shade tolerant #HS302 Add. The balloon flower is a hardy plant that is able to grow in both dry climates as well as cold climates. Fuji series are the most common varieties sold in nurseries. 50. In its native lands, it is grown extensively for its famed medicinal properties that are said to treat respiratory diseases. Some parts of this plant are toxic, namely the roots and the basal leaves. If you plan on growing these fun flowers in your garden, the seeds need to be directly sown in the soil during the early spring months. The plant is native to slopes and meadows in East Asia … Other than this, the maintenance of this plant is very minimal. Suggested uses. Vigorous and floriferous, Platycodon grandiflorus 'Fuji Blue' (Balloon Flower) is a compact herbaceous perennial which produces an abundance of bell-shaped, flaring, deep blue flowers, up to 2.5 in. The stems of this plant emerge from the ground each spring but can be easily disturbed if you forget where they were planted. Apoyama Misato Purple. Growing to be about 6-12 inches tall, the ‘sentimental blue’ plant is a dwarf variety. Apoyama, is an erect and clump forming perennial. It blooms later in spring than some other varieties but compensates by being easy to grow and with a rich, long bloom period. In Koran medicine, the plant is considered a treatment for respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diabetes, and other inflammatory diseases. The seeds occur in a seed pot with five valves that open from the head, and the leaves are unstalked, becoming narrower as they proceed upwards. There are a number of varieties of this carefree perennial. The scientific name actually translates to ‘broad bell,’ which is a good description of the flower. Another option is to prune back stems after the flower, as this will encourage a bushier pattern the following season and prevent stems from becoming so tall (University of Illinois Extension). Balloon flowers seeds-Mix-Chinese Bellflower (Jie-Geng)-Platycodon Grandiflorus (100 Seeds) $2.49 $ 2. The flowers are aesthetically pleasing and gratifying to grow. The balloon flower is a See more pictures of perennial flowers. It asks little in the way of water once established, and while it loves to self-sow, well-chosen planting locations and adequate deadheading can minimize the effects of its exuberance. To keep the plant from getting leggy, you can trim the stems back by just a few inches, though be sure to do this after flowering has occurred to prevent inadvertently disturbing the flower production. The flowers stay in a perpetual balloon form and make a satisfying popping sound when pressed. The blooms of this plant are commonly known as balloon flowers because of the way the buds swell up like balloons, and then seemingly burst into starry bell-shaped flowers. The most exotic Balloon Flower yet, Komachi resembles a mass of blue umbrellas seen from above, something like Renoir's famous painting Les Parapluies. Learn more. The Platycodon contains one species, and this is commonly grown in the garden; it goes by the common names of Balloon Flower or Bellflower.. The plant would prefer to be in slightly acidic soil, ranging between 6 and 7 pH, though it will tolerate alkaline or neutral soil as well. Sometimes, balloon flowers are also added to rice to give it a sweet-smelling flavor. The flower is commonly termed the balloon flower because of its balloon-like bud structure. Once the final frost has passed, you can transplant the seedlings outside to their final positions. The folk song originally came from the Hwanghae Province. This dwarf variety grows to a maximum of just 8 inches tall, making it perfect for growing in container pots on the patio or as bedding, edging, or a border plant. How to Prune a Balloon Flower. The cultivars usually change in ornamental characteristics but can also sometimes switch other traits. The cultivars usually change in ornamental characteristics but can also sometimes switch other traits. Twelve balloon flower cultivars received high ratings for their strong habits, gener-ally upright stems, and good floral displays. Platycodon grandiflorus 'Mariesii' (Balloon flower 'Mariesii') will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.45m after 2-5 years. A high-quality, well-draining soil with good organic content will encourage water to drain away from the roots, protecting the plant against root rot while ensuring it gets all of the moisture and nutrients it needs. It is also sung in China among the Korean descendants. However, some other parts of the plant are edible and can be used in soups or for flavoring (Plants for a Future). They are typically planted in fall and bloom in spring and summer. The flowers have five lobes that have a thick rubbery texture and are arranged in the shape of a star around another star-shaped filament arrangement. Balloon flowers (Platycodon grandiflorus) live up to their names, with the buds appearing to inflate before they burst open to … There are many varieties here are some of the highlights: 1. These plants form clumps on the ground, so they can also serve well as ground cover in flower beds. 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