It's not a feature of the entire crocodile family, and they're susceptible to fatigue, slowness and other signs of aging just like most animals. Interestingly, baby crocodiles aren't very big when they first hatch. In this huge guide, you'll learn all about this apex predator, its diet, habitat, population and more. The "winners"— saltwater … 17. 16. Instead, they wait for the villagers to come and play in the river, and that's when they strike. It took a lot of careful conservation efforts to bring their numbers back up, and today, numerous laws and trade regulations have been put into place to protect them from hunters. They have a fairly elongated and pointed head. Gastroliths are rocks that certain animals hold in their gizzards, stomachs and intestinal tracks. Baby crocodiles don't fare much better. Crocodiles don't care. Scroll this page down and get the details. Just be sure that the place that you get it from does not have it mislabeled and that it is not a Nile instead (they look similar but can be mean as hell and are much more difficult to tame down). However, Nile crocodiles can live in saltwater; their bodies are able to process the saline and leave them no worse for wear. It's rare for Nile crocodiles to venture into human villages. Crocodiles have the strongest bite in the animal kingdom. Certain types of lizard, for example, don't have very strong teeth, so they use gastroliths to help them break down their food before they swallow it. There are even “crocodile protection programs” where safe environments have been created for Nile crocodiles to live freely. How many eggs do Nile crocodiles lay? spinosaurus bite force . Bite force quotient (BFQ) is the regression of the quotient of an animal's bite force in newtons divided by its body mass in kilograms. How long is the Nile crocodile? Nile crocodile lay eggs and females protected that. And with good reason. Young crocodiles feed more actively than their elders according to studies in Zambia and Uganda. Hi, I'm Dena Haines. It might sound strange, but despite the powerful force of their bite, their jaw muscles are quite weak. The most common defense is simply staying out of the water. Crocodiles living in fast-moving rivers have lighter colors than crocodiles living in dark, murky swamps; their bodies are their camouflage, so they tend to adapt to their surroundings. So i am coming with detail comparison of honey badger vs komodo dragon. When the female accepts a male, they'll make warbling noises and rub their jaws together like a kiss. How do people protect themselves from Nile crocodiles? Baby crocodiles have a prominent “egg tooth” that falls off once it serves its purposes of breaking through the shell. Background: For the past seven years, a Montana family has gone to Desolation Canyon, Utah, for a white water rafting and camping trip.As years have gone by, they have noticed the large number of lizards living in the area and always wondered how they differed with respect to bite force. What does it taste like? The crocodiles found at Mediterranean coast in the Nile delta and in the Israel and Syria across Red sea. However, we should take a clue from the words snapping and alligator to learn of its ability to cause pain by biting. An obscure fact about Nile crocodiles is that they can move quickly over dry land. We've talked about Nile crocodiles being under threat from humans, but what about the opposite? 11. However, there are some fun peculiarities in the stages between “two crocodiles making eyes at each other” and “babies hatching from their shells.”. Technically speaking, they can survive for years without a meal, but most crocodiles don't wait that long. They often roll the eggs gently out in their mouths from the nests after hatch. These teeth are cone-shaped but finely sharpened. The females lay 25 to 80 eggs on average. Nile crocodiles become darker and the crossbands fade, generally, those on the upper body. Nile crocodiles have greenish-yellow scales with brown or bronze highlights. Interestingly, they also prefer live prey. It is one of the very few animals for which human beings regularly feature on the menu. They have a “high walk” where they raise their bodies off the ground to gain speed, and smaller crocodiles can even achieve a “gallop” with speeds up to 20 mph. Required fields are marked *. They're freshwater animals. The other measure for this is the BFQ which is Bite Force Quotient. You seem to be a bit bias towards spinosaurus. The bite force of adult male Nile crocodiles is between 3,000 – 5,000 pounds per square inch (psi). They've even been known to eat other crocodiles. Nile crocodiles are carnivores and generally eat fish but sometimes go for small hippos, zebras, and birds. “Niloticus” means “from the Nile River.”. 5. Nile crocodile is a species of African crocodile; that is the largest freshwater predator in Africa and may be considered the second largest extant reptile and crocodilian in the world after the saltwater crocodile. Their teeth are small and rounded, but they can inflict a painful bite, especially since they have a powerful bite force. Here's how to choose the best binoculars for the money. For comparison, normal chewing exerts 70 pounds per square inch. How many eggs survive? When people can't avoid going into the water, barriers can be constructed to keep the crocodiles away. He was considered the god of the Nile River, and he was often called on to ward away dangers whenever people had to travel it. The Nile crocodile’s bite goes as high as 5,000 pounds per square inch (psi) – to put that in perspective, that’s approximately five times the bite force of a lion and about 30 times than an average human being. Males will look for partners when they're longer than 10 – 11 feet, and females will look when they're between 7 – 9 feet. For them, it's all about body length. They reside in different habitats. This is right on par with saltwater crocodiles, and both species tend to share and swap the #1 and #2 spots for “strongest teeth in the animal kingdom.” For comparison's sake, the human bite measures around 150 – 200 psi. 7. Their primary diet is fish, but they'll also take down birds, reptiles, antelopes, otters, wildebeests, zebras, and hippos. It had a long snout with large, sharp teeth and flat cheek teeth that may have been used to crush bones. “There is little doubt that the Nile Crocodile is responsible for more attacks on humans than any other crocodilian species,” writes the IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. Does the name “Nile crocodile” have any special meaning? Once they're considered sexually mature, the male crocs will attract females through elaborate courtship rituals that involve bellowing, shooting water out of their noses and slapping their snouts on the water. The "winners"—saltwater crocodiles—slammed their jaws shut with 3,700 pounds per square inch (psi), or 16,460 newtons, of bite force. Nile crocodiles are like other reptiles in the sense that females lay eggs. However, Gila monsters would look puny next to invasive green iguanas and Nile monitors. Flooding is common, and there are many animals that eat crocodile eggs. One important thing to note is that Nile crocodiles are much more dangerous than American crocodiles. This is a larger margin than both saltwater crocodiles (25 – 50 percent) and American alligators (less than six percent). How much does it weigh? This includes humans. You might have heard the myth that crocodiles never stop growing until they die, but that's not quite true. What's their population size? They want the food that's still wiggling. There are four main types: They populate almost the entire continent; only northern countries can escape their beady eyes and snapping jaws. They're large, fearless animals with very strong bites, and they can take down everything from a jackrabbit to a full-sized hippopotamus. The Nile crocodile is the second largest crocodilian after the saltwater crocodile. 25. They ambush land animals the same way as marine animals: suddenly and unexpectedly. They can be captured and restrained by humans when duct tape is wrapped around their snouts. This is right on par with saltwater crocodiles, and both species tend to share and swap the #1 and #2 spots for “strongest teeth in the animal kingdom.”. This is just how crocodiles keep themselves from overheating. International Union for Conservation of Nature, 21 Kenyan Food and Drinks to Try (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Kenya), 24 Haitian Food and Drinks to Try: Guide to Cuisine in Haiti, 33 Peruvian Foods: Traditional Food in Peru (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts), 28 Banana Facts: Weird & Tasty Guide to Fruit, Plant, Nutrition, and History, 22 Nicaraguan Foods to Try: Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Nicaragua, 12 Rwandan Foods to Try: Traditional Rwanda Dishes, Desserts, Drinks, 5 Types of Banana Spiders (From Harmless to Venomous), What Do Kangaroos Eat? Nile crocodiles are apex predators. If you've ever seen a nature documentary with a quick-moving crocodile snapping an unsuspecting animal between its teeth, that's a pretty accurate depiction of how Nile crocodiles hunt. Their methods are just a little different. Mud can often obscure the crocodile’s actual color. Nile crocodiles are found anywhere with a water source. The Nile crocodile is quite widespread across sub-Saharan Africa, occurring mostly in the eastern, central, and southern regions of the continent. The maximum bite force for a human male with normal teeth is about 777 Newtons, or 174 pounds; for females, it is about 481 Newtons, or 101 pounds. If crocodiles didn't regulate their body temperatures like this, the sun would warm their scales until they died from it. Nile crocodiles have gastroliths in their stomachs, and it completely baffles scientists. The scientific name for the Nile crocodile is crocodylus niloticus. The big difference between PSI and BFQ is that BFQ takes in account to the animal’s body size. The record is 11 pounds of rocks. On the other end of the spectrum, Ammut was a dark demoness who was feared throughout ancient Egypt. It's estimated that only one percent of a nest successfully grows into adulthood. Do they actually deserve that title? In this regard, using psi to describe the bite force of a small animal is kind of like me telling you my body weight in pounds per square yard. When you use our links, we may earn an affiliate commission. The bite force of adult male Nile crocodiles is between 3,000 – 5,000 pounds per square inch (psi). Human bite force differs throughout the jaw, as teeth closer to the hinge of the jaw are able to exert more pressure. Nile crocodiles are among the biggest in the crocodile family. A person by hold their jaws shut down and even larger crocodiles can bring under control by binding by their jaws together. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Nile Crocodile. According to the Animal Aging and Longevity Database, the oldest Nile crocodile was 56 years old, but that was a creature raised in captivity. 20. How many babies survive? 14. As for their fearsome teeth, they have between 64 – 68 on both sides of their jaw. This includes horns, hooves, claws and other items that you might assume are non-digestible. The Nile crocodiles are commonly found in Africa and can see across most of the continent. The Nile crocodile is quite widespread across sub-Saharan Africa, occurring mostly in the eastern, central, and southern regions of the continent. 21. The largest dogs in the world, mastiffs can tip the scales at over 200 pounds—and these canines have bites to match, wielding a force of 500 pounds per square inch. How do Nile crocodiles compare to saltwater crocodiles? For starters, they're ambush animals. Most of the crocodiles lay their eggs on nests and move on, while male and female Nile crocodile stays in the protection until their they able to survive in the wild. This meat is stored and digested very slowly. In addition to its tough, greasy appearance, it also has a distinctive odor. The males attract the females by bellowing, slapping their snouts in their water, blowing water out of their noses during the mating season. Not only are they losing ground thanks to deforestation, but global warming has reduced the size and scale of their wetlands. It's a bit like the panting of a dog; it just looks a lot scarier. Scientists have no idea why they use gastroliths, so it really stumps them when they cut open a dead croc and see an entire rock quarry in its stomach. They're the ultimate carnivores. Don’t ever try to provoke this species. They eat a few times per month or whenever opportunity knocks. They're located in a different place. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Nile crocodiles are ranked under “least concern” in terms of extinction threat. The jaws of monitor lizards are so strong, that once they bite into something, it is very difficult to let them go of it. The future looks pretty bright for Nile crocodiles! 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