The Bronze Star is a military award that is given away frequently, particularly by the Army. The unknown soldier from the Vietnam War who was buried in the Tomb of the Unknowns was authorized a Medal of Honor and in 1998 was identified as 1st Lieutenant Michael Blassie. Paine infamously found himself on the wrong end of a double-barreled shotgun fired from fellow Medal of Honor recipient Claron Windus. It was a short-lived term of service, but he also became fluent in Manadarin Chinese, Hindu, and German while living in Shanghai. Only one African American, Robert Augustus Sweeney, received the Medal of Honor twice, and both were for life-saving actions during peacetime. On April 5, 1875, Lieutenant John L. Bullis learned of an attack on a stagecoach by a group of 25 Indians. The firefight was so intense that he defeated an enemy soldier in hand-to-hand combat with the stock of his submachine gun. The carnage became known as the. Sergeant Johnny Denny was dubbed “The Hero of B Troop” as he served as a “Buffalo Soldier” in the 9th Cavalry. Walton, when brought on board, was almost insensible, and would have perished but for the noble conduct of Noil.”, John Smith is a common name — so common, in fact, that three other John Smiths have been awarded the Medal of Honor. Committee on Veterans’ Affairs issued a committee print, Vietnam Era Medal of Honor Recipients 1964-72, followed by the committee print, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1978, in 1979. He rode on his horse for more than two miles to the Pine River Agency while Indians chased and fired upon him. “Lieutenant Colonel Rogers moved to the threatened area and directed lethal fire on the enemy forces. Jenkins and another Marine set up their machine gun position and returned fire. The next day, the Germans were in control. “Without hesitation, Specialist Fifth Class Sasser ran across an open rice paddy through a hail of fire to assist the wounded,” his citation reads. He then led a squad in the assault, accurately designating targets as he advanced, until he was killed by enemy machine gun fire while going to the aid of his fatally wounded platoon leader.”. Davis moved from man to man, encouraging them to fight on from their entrenched positions despite enemy hand grenades, small arms fire, and mortars. By sacrificing himself, he saved the lives of his comrades.” He was 20 years old. He volunteered for service three times — once for Airborne; again for the. Killed while defending his wounded comrades from the enemy and delivered effective suppressive fire in order to divert the Viet Cong long enough to allow the casualties to be evacuated. . He never stopped and was tragically dragged down by the violent suction from the sinking ship, costing him his life. Private William H. Barnes, a 23-year-old farmer from Maryland, enlisted in the Union Army in 1864. During the month of February, we pay tribute to historic contributions made by African Americans. was a Pennsylvania native who worked as a barber before he joined Company D, 5th Regiment USCT. Morale was low because all military officers were killed or wounded during the chaos. During the confrontation, Windus killed Paine and another man with his shotgun. Penn faced serious danger as he stood on a plank over boiling water to put out the flames. Established in 1942, the Air Medal is awarded for meritorious … Despite his lack of gear to utilize, Joel saved the life of another soldier by placing a plastic bag over a severe chest wound to congeal the blood. He was shot in the chest during the assault but continued up to the hilltop. An enemy hand grenade landed in front of Pfc. According to his award citation from April 7, 1945: “As lead scout during a maneuver to secure and expand a vital bridgehead, Private First Class James was the first to draw enemy fire. Born in 1854, the Bermuda native served as a seaman aboard the USS Shenandoah off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Medal … During the confrontation, Windus killed Paine and another man with his shotgun. Although he was fading in and out of consciousness, he refused medical evacuation and encouraged his men to fight to the end. “Without hesitation, Specialist Fifth Class Sasser ran across an open rice paddy through a hail of fire to assist the wounded,”, . The carnage became known as the Battle of Lang Vei, and their rescue was coordinated by Ashley. From the second floor, Fox directed artillery with devastating accuracy. It is awarded by the president himself (maybe one day, herself) to military men and women who have performed acts of valor, courage, and bravery that … Sacrificed his life to eliminate two companies of the enemy, rescue a fellow soldier and destroyed the starlight scope attached to his rifle to prevent its capture and use by the Viet Cong. However, an artillery round exploded near his position, and he was killed in action. Brown risked his life to keep the cannons on the gun deck supplied with fresh gunpowder and survived the successful battle. On Nov. 14, 1879, Johnson witnessed Daniel W. Kloppen, a workman, fall overboard. Sweeney was honored for two seperate life-saving actions. Walley, Williams, and Lieutenant George Burnett were awarded Medals of Honor. Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer, Private First Class Garfield M. Langhorn was a man of faith who planned to marry his fiancee when he returned from Vietnam. Fought off an enemy attack until killed by an enemy rocket, Killed by enemy mortar fire while attempting to rescue several injured Marines, For courageous leadership on an eight man Marine recon patrol, Risked his life to render medical aid to several injured soldiers and protected them until they could be evacuated, For attempting to aid a critically wounded, For smothering an explosion with his body to protect those around him, Sacrificed his life and attacked a group of enemy soldiers so that several injured members of his squad could escape, Risked his life to protect several wounded soldiers by smothering a grenade with his body. Smith disregarded any danger to his own person by jumping into the ocean and rescuing Grady. Private First Class James Anderson Jr. became the first African-American Marine in history to receive the Medal of Honor. According to the National Archives, limited military personnel information is available to the public. As a radio operator serving with Troop C near Plei Djereng in the Pleiku jungle, his platoon was inserted into a landing zone to rescue two pilots from a shot-down Cobra helicopter. was was born into slavery in Covington, Kentucky. For these dangerous but brave actions, all three were awarded Medals of Honor. Repeatedly refusing evacuation, Sergeant Rivers continued to direct his tank’s fire at enemy positions through the morning of 19 November 1944. They fought against the. Paul W. Bucha Vietnam … and deployed to Vietnam where he saved the life of a fellow Marine. The 9th and 10th Cavalry regiments were both nicknamed the Buffalo Soldiers. Edward A. Carter Jr. was the son of missionary parents. . in the Arizona Territory in 1890. Pitts also used Chinese Communist grenades captured from a Viet Cong and lobbed it into a bunker in front of him. Matthew (Bill) Leonard was a veteran of the Korean War and the Vietnam War. in the infamous Battle of Chaffin Farms at Market Heights, Virginia. Continued to lead his squad, fight the enemy, and help the wounded despite being wounded himself four separate times. George Jordan enlisted in the U.S. Army and rose to the rank of first sergeant in a 26 year career with the Buffalo Soldiers. The flag’s colors shall never touch the ground, so Carney dropped his rifle, charged at a full-out sprint, grasped the flag, and continued onward despite being completely surrounded. Pfc. [2], During the Vietnam War, 248 Medals of Honor were received, 156 (62.9%) of them posthumously. Rescued and administered first aid to several wounded soldiers and led a group to defeat an enemy force causing them to retreat leaving behind 54 of their dead, many weapons, and grenades. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the American War, occurred from 1959 to April 30, 1975.The term "Vietnam Conflict" is often used to refer to … Carney sustained two bullet holes and two grazes in the arm and on the head. Despite going under several times in the waves, Noil heaved him up and onto the ship’s deck. He was a medic, and a well-concealed Viet Cong element launched an attack that wounded or killed nearly every soldier in their squad. He died on the battlefield at the age of 22 and was buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery in France. I turned my little command loose on them at this place, and after a few volleys they left me to continue my march in peace. He then advanced alone to kill two more Germans manning an observation post. He served stateside but saw combat during the Korean War. Specialist Rascon's showed extraordinary valor in the face of deadly enemy fire, heroism in rescuing the wounded, and gallantry by repeatedly risking his own life for his fellow soldiers. Their award citations are similar. Was wounded when attempting to rescue a wounded soldier and despite his injuries, led his platoon and succeeded in destroying an enemy bunker before being killed. The. During the Vietnam War, the United States government awarded the Medal of Honor to 239 recipients, of which 150 were posthumously awarded. It is the only time in history when one MOH recipient killed another MOH recipient. When the ammo ran dry, an emergency resupply was dropped from a hovering helicopter. Four months later, on Dec. 31, 1864, he was awarded the MOH. Sergeant Rivers, joined by another tank, opened fire on the enemy tanks, covering company A as they withdrew. Maintained his position, refused assistance, and provided defensive fire for his comrades until he fell mortally wounded. For his courageous actions while serving as radio telephone operator in Company C, 1st Battalion (Airmobile), 501st Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile) during search and clear mission. Copyright © 2020 Coffee or Die Magazine. As the Mormon Outlaws surprised them with accurate rifle fire, the Buffalo Soldiers retreated. He was awarded the Medal of Honor, and the U.S. Navy immortalized his name when the Arleigh Burke-class destroyer was named the USS Oscar Austin (DDG-79). He is also the only recipient to earn two awards during peacetime. Jumping overboard, Davis rescued Augustus Ohlensen, coxswain, from drowning.”. For smothering a grenade blast with his body. The citations for their individual actions toward their battle reads: “While commanding a detachment of 25 men at Fort Tularosa, New Mexico, repulsed a force of more than 100 Indians. Although he was fading in and out of consciousness, he refused medical evacuation and encouraged his men to fight to the end. His citation continues, “Pfc. After surviving the Vietnam War, he was shot and killed by a store clerk when he attempted an armed robbery. Clinton Greaves likely grew up in slavery and moved to Virginia following the conclusion of the American Civil War. When another, horse became confused and charged toward a gathering of Apaches, the soldier fell off to avoid being killed. For twice providing covering fire for his squad's withdrawal despite heavy enemy fire, After a group of enemy insurgents attacked he organized a defense and repelled the enemy throughout the night. located northwest of Saigon. Greaves in the center of the savage hand-to-hand fighting, managed to shoot and bash a gap through the swarming Apaches, permitting his companions to break free.”, Two African-American soldiers named Henry Johnson have received the Medal of Honor. He used the remaining two as human shields to run to his unit. They had seconds to live, and Watson knew it. He was mortally wounded, and his two companions were lightly wounded when the grenades exploded.”. Risked his life by rescuing three injured squad members and then led his squad to attack and destroy a heavily fortified enemy bunker complex. Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood, another Medal of Honor recipient, wrote of the first wave of the assault in his diary: “It was a deadly hailstorm of bullets sweeping men down as hail-stones sweep the leaves from trees. Powhatan Beaty had a name for theater, but he didn’t initially have the freedom to participate in it. He was a medic, and a well-concealed Viet Cong element launched an attack that wounded or killed nearly every soldier in their squad. When he entered service, he rose in rank to an NCO. One of these slaves was Milton M. Holland, who, along with his three brothers, moved north. For the purpose of this poll, the Medal of Honor for Space, the Gold Lifesaving Medal and the Four Chaplains' Medal are similar awards. William McBryar received the Medal of Honor when he was a sergeant in the U.S. Army’s 10th Cavalry. By Sgt. Private First Class Garfield M. Langhorn was a man of faith who planned to marry his fiancee when he returned from Vietnam. Pompey Factor, Isaac Payne, and John Ward were black Seminoles who were raised in either Mexico or Arkansas before they joined the U.S. Army as Indian scouts between 1870 and 1871. were routinely treated poorly, but they accepted the roles in favor of land, pay, and rations. Throughout the history of the United States, racism and segregation were motivating factors for not properly recognizing worthy people for the merits they deserved. George Watson of Birmingham, Alabama, joined the U.S. Army in September 1942 and was sent to the Pacific Theater aboard the Dutch Steamer USAT Jacob. He identified a wounded enemy soldier near his patrol location and crawled forward alone under heavy fire to retrieve the soldier, capturing him to gather intelligence. On the ground, fighting for his life, Stowers encouraged his troops to keep fighting until his final breath. “If any soldier ever deserved [the Medal of Honor], Sgt. On Feb. 21, 1968, Company D encountered a heavily fortified position concealed within a dense wooded area. On July 1, 1898, Baker left cover while under intense enemy fire and, a wounded teammate from drowning. For smothering a grenade blast with his body to protect those around him. View a list of all the Unknown Soldier Recipients of the Medal of Honor at the official website of the Congressional Medal of Honor Society He served as a rifleman in the 2nd Platoon, Company F, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marines, 3rd Marine Division. On Nov. 30, 1864, assisted by the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Smith was caught in the crossfire as Confederate troops fired upon them in an open swamp. The VCOG is a symbol of gratitude to all Allied soldiers, sailors, Marines and airpersonnel who worked and fought and sacrificed themselves for the freedom of the Republic of Vietnam. Lieutenant Commander Richard W. Meade, the commanding officer of the Marblehead, wrote in a report that “Robert Blake, a contraband, excited my admiration by the cool and brave manner in which he served the rifle gun.”, First Sergeant James H. Bronson was a Pennsylvania native who worked as a barber before he joined Company D, 5th Regiment USCT. Noil threw a rope out to Walton, and Walton latched onto it. Entered service at: Fort Ord, Calif. Born: 10 January 1949, Providence, R.I.. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry an… off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He then returned to the same tank and assisted in firing the main gun until it jammed. They moved to a safer position, but two members of his squad were injured by the subsequent ammo explosion. He was a Buffalo Soldier tasked with apprehending 40 to 50 rogue Apaches in New Mexico. The Blassie family requested that the Medal of Honor be granted to him but the request was denied by the Department of Defense. He identified a wounded enemy soldier near his patrol location and crawled forward alone under heavy fire to retrieve the soldier, capturing him to gather intelligence. Helped to organize defenses and repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to retrieve supplies and return fire. He acted as a leader and wrote of his wounds he sustained during battle. He had a reputation as a brawler, and his antics had previously cost him rank. He served with Company K, 142nd New York Volunteers, and on Jan. 15, 1865, he was a part of a 15-man advanced element responsible for clearing wooden palisades in front of Shepherd’s Battery. Greaves in the center of the savage hand-to-hand fighting, managed to shoot and bash a gap through the swarming Apaches, permitting his companions to break free.”, Two African-American soldiers named Henry Johnson have received the Medal of Honor. Military Awards During his career, he also sought education and learned to read and write. Their mission was to wade into hostile territory to rescue their partner force: six wounded Cuban soldiers who almost certainly would have perished if not for the Buffalo Soldiers. The 34-year-old received the MOH for his bravery and courage. It is the only time in history when one MOH recipient killed another MOH recipient. Senator Bob Kerrey and three retired generals: Patrick Henry Brady and Robert F. Foley of the Army and James E. Livingston … He “attempted to save the life of the late Ensign Joseph C. Breckenridge, U.S. Navy, who fell overboard at sea from that vessel” on May 20, 1898. During World War II, he was drafted into the Army and initially had enlistment orders in the infantry. Anderson and two others from the daring mission received the highest military honor 49 years later. USS Rodney M. Davis (FFG-60) is named in his honor. On the ground, fighting for his life, Stowers encouraged his troops to keep fighting until his final breath. Sacrificed his life to single-handedly repel a large enemy force from attacking through a weakened perimeter for over 1½ hours. Morale was low because all military officers were killed or wounded during the chaos. Bullie recommended all three for the MOH. Boyne does, and I hope he shall be so rewarded.”, Sergeant Benjamin Brown and Corporal Isaiah Mays served with the Buffalo Soldiers, the 24th Infantry, during the Indian Wars. As a Harlem Hellfighter, he and teammate Needham Roberts repelled a raiding party of 24 Germans in the dead of night using carbines, hand grenades, and their own two hands. Although previous rescue attempts had been called off, on June 30, 1898, in the Cuban town of Tayabacoa, these four men successfully rescued the Cuban soldiers, pulling them from the water despite receiving direct fire. Following the war, Boyne served with the “Buffalo Soldiers” during the Indian Wars and was directly involved in two engagements at Mimbres Mountains and at Cuchillo Negro River in New Mexico in 1879. Denny served for 30 years in the U.S. Army, but his most notable achievement occurred on a “routine” horseback patrol. U.S. Air Force Pararescueman William H. Pitsenbarger personally saved over 60 men during a Vietnam War mission at Cam My on April 11, 1966. During a lull in the firefight, he led a patrol outside their perimeter to obtain intelligence on the enemy. As a. serving with Troop C near Plei Djereng in the Pleiku jungle, his platoon was inserted into a landing zone to rescue two pilots from a shot-down Cobra helicopter. Placed himself between an enemy grenade and his shipmates, absorbing most of the blast fragments with his own body in order to protect his shipmates from injury and death. And then came the ambush. Two weeks into the Meuse-Argonne offensive, Stowers and his teammates rushed Hill 188, a fortified German position. After flanking a German position, his tank successfully pushed the enemy out. Commemorative medals are available for purchase for collectors, veterans building their shadow boxes, and to anyone who has served in the conflict. Sacrificed his life to single-handedly eliminate a group of enemy soldiers, Assaulted an enemy platoon with another soldier preventing further casualties, Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa Province, Republic of Vietnam, Successfully relayed commands through one of his men until an enemy attack was silenced and the boats he was leading were able to move to safety. at Mimbres Mountains and at Cuchillo Negro River in New Mexico in 1879. He continued to direct his men and refused treatment until his men were taken care of. Throughout the long battle, SP6 Joel never lost sight of his mission as a medical aidman and continued to comfort and treat the wounded until his own evacuation was ordered. There are currently 80 living recipients of the Medal of Honor.It is the United States military's highest decoration. Private First Class William Henry Thompson was born in New York City on Aug. 16, 1927. ” on the border of France and Germany. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War.It is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. , “Now weaponless, Specialist Johnson ignored the enemy fire around him, climbed into his platoon sergeant’s tank, extricated a wounded crewmember and carried him to an armored personnel carrier. On March 5, 1968, a platoon-size hostile force engaged their squad with automatic weapons, satchel charges, and hand grenades. Despite being wounded in the wrist, he again exposed himself to enemy fire and was fatally shot. He acted as a leader and wrote of his wounds he sustained during battle. During World War II, Fox served in the 598th Field Artillery Battalion. Sacrificed his life to direct fire at the enemy at point blank range. The all-volunteer force carried axes and equipment for the job while Confederate snipers suppressed with direct fire. He escaped to join the U.S. Army and served in the 9th Cavalry Regiment. Recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Vietnam War. Alongside the 4th, 5th, 6th and 36th USCT, his regiment assaulted five infantry regiments of Confederates. On Nov. 8, 1865, during a second attack on the fort, Dorsey and his troops engaged in hand-to-hand combat, capturing over 200 Confederate prisoners and two Confederate flags. Leonard organized a defensive perimeter during a lull in the fight, but noticed a teammate lying on the ground. When historians first hear Adam Paine’s name, the Medal of Honor recipient’s valor isn’t the first thing to come to mind. As a result of the three-hour battle, the American naval force killed numerous Viet Cong guerrillas, destroyed over fifty vessels, and disrupted a major enemy logistic operation. Anderson grabbed the grenade, pulled it to his chest, and braced for the explosion. For these actions he received the Medal of Honor. Media in category "Recipients of the Bronze Star Medal (United States)" The following 112 files are in this category, out of 112 total. Several interesting topics are discussed in our Veterans Radio podcasts. 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